Ideological Regimes

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Ideological Regimes

Ahmad Reza Taheri

Any regime which insists on a set of idealistic concepts will be a looser. In order to reach the goals, an ideological regime usually uses its ideology as an instrument. The best example perhaps was the communist dictatorship in USSR which collapsed in 1991. The result was not only the collapse of the regime, but also collapse of the ideology, communism. Communism in theory is ideal but in practice it becomes unworkable because of its too much idealism (e.g. it believes in the destruction of the state. Or it believes that from each according to his work and to each according to his need) which so far has failed in practice (human being has to reach that high stage of humanity to practice communism).

Ideological regimes may also face problems in their relations with other states. For example, the democratic India has suffered in her foreign policy relations with its neighbors partly because of being ideological. With Myanmar (a non-democracy) India has not had good relations, nor with Pakistan.

However, regimes with “mixed” or flexible ideologies succeed better. China, for instance, is a prime example. After coming to power in 1949, the communist government began placing most of the country’s sectors such as agriculture and industry under the state control. In the late 1970s, however, the government implemented economic reforms that reversed some of the earlier policies and encouraged foreign investment. Irrespective of being officially a communist, China has accommodated in itself some elements of capitalism. The same is true with the United States of America. Although the success of her economy has been achieved because of capitalism, government intervention in bringing about socialist policies must not be overlooked. So, neither China is a pure communist society, nor the US is a pure capitalist society.

History presents that regimes with flexible ideologies can run better or last longer than those with strict ideologies. Regimes with dictatorial ideologies, ultimately, have to face the loss of both power and ideology.

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